WHO IS EMMANUEL GOLDSTEIN?
Readers sometimes write saying they think Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein are the present-day versions of 1984's Emmanuel Goldstein. In thinking this way they are missing the mark, in my opinion.
bin Laden and Hussein could more accurately be compared to Eastasia or Eurasia - Oceania's ever-changing enemies as described in Reality Control. "The enemy of the moment was always represented as absolute evil and any past or future agreement with him was impossible". During festivities in Hate Week the leader of the enemy is burned in effigy; photographs are faked and atrocity pamphlets are handed out. Patriotic songs are written, marches are organized, films are created and telescreen programs show the funerals of victims killed by rocket bombs supposedly launched by the enemy. The enemy is either Eastasia or Eurasia or any members from within.
Orwell tells us - through the character O'Brien - that Emmanuel Goldstein is the leader of Big Brother, not the friend of the proletariat he pretends to be.
1984, like its predecessor Animal Farm, is a symbolic portrayal of Communism, only this time further advanced.
Animal Farm described the Communist Revolution in Russia. Manor Farm was Russia; the Czar was Jones; Trotsky was Snowball; Stalin was Napoleon; and the USSR was Animal Farm.
1984 describes the world after Communism has achieved its goal of World Domination.
Marx & Lenin - Communism's leaders - could be symbolized in 1984 by Emmanuel Goldstein.
A combination of Marx's book "The Communist Manifesto" and Lenin's "Testament" could be what Orwell represents in 1984 as the book written by Goldstein - "The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism".
Orwell's description of Goldstein as having "a lean Jewish face with a great fuzzy aureole of white hair" is a combination of the faces of Lenin, Trotsky and Marx.
Orwell says Goldstein is full of "clap trap" when he spouts oratory about "freedom of speech, freedom of the Press, freedom of assembly, and freedom of thought". His revolution for "a new and better life" for the proles means, in reality, their enslavement and death. This is synonymous with the lie perpetrated by Marx and Lenin's devotees who, once in power, conduct themselves in the manner of Stalin in the Soviet Union and Mao in China, to name a few. Under Communism there is no "workers' paradise".
That, in a nutshell, explains the plot of Orwell's two last books - both of which he said he wrote to expose totalitarianism. They were written during a time in history when the spread of Communism was a real and present danger, and when writing about it wasn't easy inside OR outside the Soviet Union.. Animal Farm and 1984 stand almost alone in their unflinching indictment of the principles and practices of Communism in its past, present and future manifestations. ~ Jackie Jura
Egypt removes Protocols of Zion (about Jewish plot to take over world). Guardian, Dec 7, 2003. Go to HENRY FORD'S INTERNATIONAL JEW & (book available thru Amazon)
GOLDSTEIN ISN'T TROTSKY and SNOWBALL IS OSADDAM
The following is a compilation of 1984's references to Goldstein and his practices: CONSPIRACY FOR WORLD DOMINATION IN 1984
Excerpts from Communist Manifesto and some quirky aspects of Karl Marx biography
COMMUNIST MARX IN BERLIN
COMMUNIST CRIMES EXPOSED and CORPORATE COMMUNISM and ORWELL'S CRYPTO-COMMIE LIST
THE PROTOCOLS OF LEARNED ELDERS OF ZION
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