It was more important that astronauts
be seen to be walking on the moon
than actually walk on the moon.
DARK SIDE OF MOON HOAX
The Nixon administration approached Kubrick with a mind
to stage the moon landing in advance.
THE FACTS DON'T LIE, BUT THE CAMERA MAY
On Dark Side of the Moon, nothing is as it seems
The Appollo 11 moon landing? The photos were faked, a 'documentary' claims,
and sets out to explain how and why
by Alex Strachan, Vancouver Sun, Nov 15, 2003
The Apollo moon landing never happened. Or, if it did, the TV images you saw were falsified, the images faked.
Got your attention? Good.
According to DARK SIDE OF THE MOON, the most important film of its kind since Oliver Stone's JFK - or since Rob Reiner's This is Spinal Tap, at any rate - images of Neil Armstrong's walk on the moon on July 20, 1969 were shown to the world through the lens of master film-maker Stanley Kubrick and were staged on the same Borehamwood, U.K., soundstage where Kubrick made his landmark film, 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Don't believe it? Consider the evidence. Still images taken of the American flag on the moon showed it waving this way and that, but, as Dark Side of the Moon points out, there is no wind on the moon.
The moon is affected by extreme temperature changes, which are exacerbated by its lack of atmosphere. The camera supposedly used to take the lunar stills, a Hasselblad 500, would not operate at temperature extremes that cause chemical changes in film emulsion. Mechanical parts expand and lenses loosen in extreme heat. Exposure meters fail and film shatters like glass in extreme cold.
X-rays from the sun would fog the film, and ultra-violet rays would distort the colours - yet the colours in the Moon landing pictures are perfect.
Gravity on the moon is one-sixth that of the Earth, which means that an astronaut who would weigh 140 kilograms in his space suit on the ground would weigh only about 30 kilos on the moon. And yet the depth of the astronauts' footprints in the sand on the moon suggest they weighed much more than that.
None of the photos taken on the Moon showed evidence of a flash. You would have seen a flash, experts in Dark Side of the Moon insist, because the astronaut taking the photograph would have been reflected in the visor of the other astronaut.
Remember now, as they say on CSI: people lie; the evidence doesn't.
Dark Side of the Moon was written and directed last year by 63-year-old historical documentary film-maker William Karel for France's Point du Jour Production and Arte France (the film's original, French title was Operation Lune). It uses documentary evidence, archival footage and extensive interviews with Kubrick's widow, Christiane Kubrick, astronaut Buzz Aldrin and former and present-day U.S. government officials and luminaries such as Henry Kissinger, Lawrence Eagleberger, Al Haig and Donald Rumsfeld, to lay bare the lie.
And an elaborate lie it was, too, judging from the evidence. (The official CBC press release refers to the film's subtle blend of facts, fiction and hypothesis as a navigation through fact and fiction and asks rhetorically whether "Neal Armstrong's [sic] famous walk on the moon" was another stanley Kubrick production. I can't tell if the misspelling of Neil Armstrong's name is meant to be ironic or incompetent.)
Dark Side of the Moon points out that, given the turmoil of the day - the Vietnam war, civil unrest, a newly elected president warily eyeing his prospects for a second term - the Nixon administration understood that it was more important that astronauts be seen to be walking on the moon than actually walk on the moon.
If the astronauts landed safely, but could not televise live images back to Earth because of some unforeseen technical glitch, then the entire expensive enterprise would have been a waste of time, from a public relations standpoint.
The Nixon administration approached Kubrick - an American ex-pat and avowed recluse, living in seclusion in a palatial estate somewhere in the suburbs of London - with a mind to stage the moon landing in advance, so that if worse came to worst, the Apollo program would still have pictures to show a doubting public.
The administration knew Kubrick would jump aboard, the film's makers suggest, because it was widely known that Dr. Strangelove, which Kubrick directed five years earlier, in 1964, was one of Nixon's favourite films.
The original idea was to have the CIA stage the event and film it themselves on the same sound stage where Kubrick recreated the lunar surface for 2001: A Space Odyssey. But when Kubrick - a notorious perfectionist, with a temper to match - saw how incompetent the CIA camera operators were, he demanded that he be allowed to film the scene himself.
In return, Dark Side of the Moon posits, Kubrick was allowed use of a special, one-of-a-kind Zeiss camera lens, originally designed for NASA's satellite program, to shoot his James Thackeray epic Barry Lyndon, which required a special heretofore unknown lens to depict images of life in 18th century Ireland using only available light. The film preserved the great man's vision for generations to come.
If this all sounds a bit hard to follow, trust me: Dark Side of the Moon makes it seem simple - as simple, anyway, as deciphering the lyrics to a Pink Floyd album. It should come as no surprise, in any event, to anyone who saw Kubrick's final film, Eyes Wide Shut, to learn that the great man staged the moon landing for effect. Eyes Wide Shut, after all, could only have been directed by a space cadet.
But wait, there's more.
Armstrong's famous line - "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" - was scripted in advance, and mangled in the translation, into "one small step for man, one great leap...who wrote this crap?" Armstrong proved to be a tempermental star. While boarding the lunar capsule prior to liftoff, for example, he was overheard to ask about the inflight movie, about whether he was in the smoking section or nonsmoking, about whether he was assigned a window seat in the back, about his requests for a kosher meal, and whether his car would be safe in the NASA parking lot.
It's the actual testimony from Kissinger, the late Vernon Walters (speaking in Russian, and dead, under suspicious circumstances, just hours after conducting his interview for the film), Rumsfeld ("I'm going to tell you a fascinating story"), Eagleberger, Haig and others - real people in real interviews, not actors playing a role - that brings Dark Side of the Moon to life. (A cynic would point out that their comments are edited out of context, but then a cynic would already have guessed that the Apollo moon landing was staged, so why bother?)
The decision, ultimately, was Nixon's.
"He was the president," Kissinger explains in the film, "and he deserves the credit for having had the courage to do it." Kissinger was awed by the sheer hubris of Nixon's actions.
"At no stage in my life could I have anticipated that this would happen," he goes on to say. "At no stage. Not even when I was made National Security Adviser. And I think it is a great symptom of the strength of America that this was even conceivable."
It was the right thing to do, Rumsfeld concurs, "because we had to do something to show that we're still the United States of America...We walked out of the room and President Nixon said, 'I've decided to do that, and I need you to do this job, we're going to do it.' It was just amazing."
Dark Side of the Moon is a mammoth undertaking. It seeks nothing less than to expose the incongruities between rhetoric and reality, by disclosing how the camera's lens can be manipulated to suit any ends, and it achieves its goal with, style and verve. It is a thoroughly entertaining and revealing flim, and well worth seeing.
Oh, and one other thing. According to the final credits, any resemblance to actual living persons is purely coincidental.
That's important to know. After all, the camera lies. It's not always easy to tell.
DARK SIDE OF THE MOON aired Sunday, November 16, on CBC Newsworld's Passionate Eye.
Orignal moon walk footage erased. Guardian, Jul 16, 2009
Apollo 11 Buzz Aldrin on 40th anniversary of moon launch. MyFoxYouTube, Jul 16, 2009
Buzz Aldrin: the dark times that followed that historic flight (talks about depression & alcoholism he faced after his moon landing). Telegraph, Jul 9, 2009
A few minutes into our conversation, Buzz Aldrin makes it clear that we won't be spending much time reliving the day that began a new chapter in the history of the human race and made him one of the most famous people on – and off – the planet. It's not that the Second Man on the Moon doesn't want to talk about his space odyssey; it's just that he thinks he should be suitably rewarded for doing so. Sharing his extraterrestrial experiences is, he concedes, "an appropriate and necessary thing: it's what people want. But I can't just keep doing that for ever in my life [he's 79] unless I'm appropriately compensated." Surprisingly, Aldrin's reservations about describing what it's like to kick up moon dust for an hour and a half, as he did on July 20, 1969, are in marked contrast to his willingness to discuss – free of charge – the dark side of his life: his struggles with depression and alcoholism, his two failed marriages, his difficult relationship with his father, and the tragedy of his mother (born Marion Moon), who killed herself shortly before the lunar mission because she did not think she could handle her son's imminent fame.... It is a measure of how much his life changed, and how quickly, that within eight years of the tickertape parades and being feted around the world as a hero of our times, he ended up working at the Cadillac dealership in Beverly Hills. Not that he sold a single car in the six months or so he spent there....
DIAL M FOR MOON (Mark wonders how Nixon phoned the moon)
JFK HOAXED ON MOON (Peter asks if JFK knew we couldn't do it when he said "we choose to go to the moon"
I THINK, THEREFORE EXIST (Reader Sam has decided - using Moon Hoax reasoning - that I don't exist) NO MEN ON MOON? (Michael asks if all six moon landings were faked) NASA MAKING CYBORG MAN ASTRO RADIATION NOT America lands man on the Moon (Armstrong & Aldrin in lunar Eagle; Collins orbiting in mother ship Columbia). BBC, Jul 21, 1969 - 2005 Reader arouses curiosity with: MORE MOON HOAX QUESTIONS. Jun 21, 2005 KUBRICK'S APOLLO CONNECTIONS Reader recommends the book "How America Faked the Moon Landings" CYNICS NOT OF DARK SIDE DOC MORE MOON MOCKDOC TALK MOON MOCKUMENTARY ANALYSIS MOON A HOAX MOCKUMENTARY The last man on the moon ('didn't just leave Earth physically'). Straits Times, Feb 29, 2004 Apollo Anniversary July 20, 1969: Moon Landing "Inspired World" (the Party line status quo). National Geographic, Jul 20, 2004 What Happened on the Moon? (video challenges the declared abilities of NASA to successfully send a man to the Moon and return him safely to Earth) A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Moon (site includes Moon Hoax of 1835) HOOKS MOON HOAX SONG, by Dave Hook DARK SIDE MOON MOCKUMENTARY Movie 2001: A Space Odyssey showed NASA how to stage a moon landing (Stanley Kubrick's brother heavily involved in American Communist Party) NASA's logo a Martian (out to destroy planet Earth). National Post, Jun 5, 2003. Go to NASA MOONS EARTHLINGS NIXON'S CONTINGENCY SPEECH (for astronauts dying on moon). Global National, Feb 4, 2003 World's biggest telescope to prove (Americans really walked on moon)? Telegraph, Nov 24, 2002 NASA pulls Moon hoax book (no stars; flag flaps in no-breeze). BBC, Nov 8, 2002 CAPRICORN ONE (1978 movie) Jackie Jura email: firstname.lastname@example.org
12 American astronauts walked on the lunar surface. How their lives changed dramatically, some for the worse, remains one of the unsolved mysteries of space travel. Buzz Aldrin, the second man to walk on the Moon after Neil Armstrong, battled depression and alcoholism. Apollo 14's Edgar Mitchell became a paranormal investigator. The commander of the Apollo 12 mission, Charles Conrad, a Navy test pilot before he became an astronaut, died tragically in a motorcycle accident in 1999. Apollo 15's James Irwin became a born-again Christian who was obsessed with finding Noah's Ark. Many of the astronauts suffered broken marriages...Apollo 17 astronaut Gene Cernan tells how his life was forever changed by his 75 hours on the lunar surface during the last manned Moon mission...Mr Bush unveiled an ambitious plan to return Americans to the Moon by 2020 and use the mission as a stepping stone for future manned trips to Mars and beyond...
Classic conspiracy tale about the first manned mission to Mars. All appears to be going well until the astronauts are pulled off the ship just before launch by shadowy government types and whisked off to a film studio in the desert. It transpires that the space vehicle has a major defect which NASA just daren't admit. At the studio, over a course of months, the astronauts are forced to act out the journey and the landing to trick the world into believing they have made the trip. Meanwhile, a Journalist (played by Gould) is getting suspicious and every clue he uncovers seems to result in an attempt on his life! The astronauts are just about to splashdown when a further twist to the tale occurs, leaving them with no choice but to try and escape...
~ an independent researcher monitoring local, national and international events ~
I THINK, THEREFORE EXIST (Reader Sam has decided - using Moon Hoax reasoning - that I don't exist)
NO MEN ON MOON? (Michael asks if all six moon landings were faked)
NASA MAKING CYBORG MAN
ASTRO RADIATION NOT
America lands man on the Moon (Armstrong & Aldrin in lunar Eagle; Collins orbiting in mother ship Columbia). BBC, Jul 21, 1969 - 2005
Reader arouses curiosity with: MORE MOON HOAX QUESTIONS. Jun 21, 2005
KUBRICK'S APOLLO CONNECTIONS
Reader recommends the book "How America Faked the Moon Landings"
CYNICS NOT OF DARK SIDE DOC
MORE MOON MOCKDOC TALK
MOON MOCKUMENTARY ANALYSIS
MOON A HOAX MOCKUMENTARY
The last man on the moon ('didn't just leave Earth physically'). Straits Times, Feb 29, 2004
Apollo Anniversary July 20, 1969: Moon Landing "Inspired World" (the Party line status quo). National Geographic, Jul 20, 2004
What Happened on the Moon? (video challenges the declared abilities of NASA to successfully send a man to the Moon and return him safely to Earth)
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Moon (site includes Moon Hoax of 1835)
HOOKS MOON HOAX SONG, by Dave Hook
DARK SIDE MOON MOCKUMENTARY
Movie 2001: A Space Odyssey showed NASA how to stage a moon landing (Stanley Kubrick's brother heavily involved in American Communist Party)
NASA's logo a Martian (out to destroy planet Earth). National Post, Jun 5, 2003. Go to NASA MOONS EARTHLINGS
NIXON'S CONTINGENCY SPEECH (for astronauts dying on moon). Global National, Feb 4, 2003
World's biggest telescope to prove (Americans really walked on moon)? Telegraph, Nov 24, 2002
NASA pulls Moon hoax book (no stars; flag flaps in no-breeze). BBC, Nov 8, 2002
CAPRICORN ONE (1978 movie)