Nkunda Men Kagame Warriors

In exchange for its cooperation in the mission to eradicate the FDLR,
Kinshasa has won Kigali's support for the dismantling of
the National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP) movement
led by renegade general Laurent Nkunda,
a Tutsi close to the Rwandan regime.


A United Nations source said Kabila's main objective was
"the removal of Nkunda and re-taking his headquarters" near Rutshuru.
"He needs the head of Laurent Nkunda to appease public opinion,
and a Congolese flag flying in Rutshuru
instead of the CNDP one."

One of the most famous lines in literature is from Shakespeare where Julius Caesar cries out "Et tu, Brute?" (You too, Brutus?) after being stabbed in the back and seeing his friend Brutus among his assassins.

I wonder if General Laurent Nkunda is thinking those words as his friends from Rwanda (who were allies in a war against the same enemy) join those forces now against him.

For years the powers-that-be have been accusing President Paul Kagame of helping Nkunda fight Rwandan Hutus in the Congo (where they escaped to after massacring millions of Tutsis and moderate Hutus in the 1994 Rwanda genocide).

And for years Rwanda has been denying that they are helping Nkunda (as if there's something wrong with helping your friend fight your enemy).

Now in today's news there is indisputable proof that Rwanda isn't helping Nkunda (even though in the past Kagame sympathized with his cause).

Yesterday - January 22, 2009 - Nkunda was arrested by Kagame after being lured to Rwanda under false pretenses - effectively killing Nkunda's rebellion at the very point where it was achieving ultimate success (his CNDP party is represented at peace talks in Nairobi - in a position of strength to negotiate).

Laurent Nkunda arrested in Rwanda. Video, London Guardian, Jan 23, 2009

Rwanda arrests Congo rebel leader Nkunda (impediment to Rwanda's plans in region). BBC, Jan 23, 2009

Nkunda didn't flee, he was lured ("for consultations" by erstwhile ally Rwanda). Independent, Jan 23, 2009

It's hard to watch history playing out before one's eyes when friend joins foe to fight friend. It's a Shakespearean tragedy for Nkunda, Kagame, Rwanda and Congo. ~ Jackie Jura

Rwanda accused of stalling Nkunda's trial, Reuters Tanzania, May 11, 2010
Kigali - Rwanda is stalling a court case in which Congolese rebel leader Laurent Nkunda is seeking his release while President Paul Kagame negotiates a deal with his Democratic Republic of Congo counterpart, Nkunda's lawyer said on Tuesday. The case was adjourned for two months after the government's defence team said the translator for Nkunda's Canadian lawyer was unqualified and would need replacing. "This is a situation between (Kagame) and (Democratic Congo President) Joseph Kabila," said Nkunda's lawyer, Stephane Bourgon. Rwandan Justice Minister Tharcisse Karugarama rejected the accusation the government was deliberately slowing the process. Traditional enemies, the Great Lakes neighbours mended relations last year in an accord analysts say hinged on Nkunda's arrest and Rwandan help in splitting up members of his rebel group and integrating them into the Congolese army. Nkunda, a Seventh Day Adventist pastor who led a five-year insurgency in eastern Congo, has been under house arrest since January 2009 and is currently held in Kabuga, near Kigali, his family said. He is wanted in Kinshasa where he could face a tribunal for war crimes, treason and desertion, and has gone to court to seek his release from house arrest. "Kagame wants to solve it but he says it is going to take time. Time is contrary to the law," Bourgon told Reuters. Karugarama said Nkunda's detention was separate from the two countries' rapprochement and the judicial process should be allowed to take its course. "The two (issues) are divorced. There's no way he could come to Rwanda, or be arrested in an operation, without being subjected to the rigours of the law," Karugarama said. Rwanda and Congo have fought two wars and for years traded accusations of backing each other's rebels -- charges confirmed by the United Nations.


Rwanda again postpones Nkunda's hearing (didn't appear in court, remains in detention). AFP, Jan 14, 2010

Rwanda Court to hear Nkunda case Wednesday (show Commonwealth its human rights credentials) & Nkunda petition to ask why he was arrested (Army Chief Staff Kabarebe to be on witness stand) & Nkunda family awaits Rwanda Supreme Court (held illegaly one year; not seen in public since).Invest/SaveRw/VOA, Jan 12-13, 2010

Hearing of General Nkunda detention case set for January 13, 2010, RwandaNewsAgency, Dec 11, 2009
Kigali: The Supreme Court has accepted to hear the case filed by Congolese General Laurent Nkunda after all other lower courts threw out applications in which he is challenging his "illegal" detention, RNA reports. General Nkunda's lawyer met with the President of the Supreme Court Justice Aloysie Cyanzayire on Wednesday. Following the closed-door meeting, Justice Cyanzayire was clearly under pressure to act because the Supreme Court was the only remaining place the petitioners would go – thereby leaving the credibility of the court at stake. A while later, the Chief Registrar of the Supreme Court confirmed that the hearing sought on November 30 will take place on 13 January 2010 – which General Nkunda’s Canadian lawyer Mr. Stéphane Bourgon criticized. The Supreme Court argument was that the judiciary would be going to recess. "It is really surprising that an application seeking the release of a person alleged to be detained unlawfully cannot be heard urgently – judicial recess or not – since any violation of the fundamental right to freedom and liberty deserves to be heard without delay," said Bourgon. "Nonetheless, we are very satisfied that on 13 January 2010, we will have the opportunity to argue NKUNDA's case before the highest court of Rwanda. "The controversial General Nkunda – who until January was accused of causing massive havoc and suffering in eastern DRC, has now been detained in Kigali for more than 10 months without being permitted to meet with his lawyer. A case was filed in Gisenyi where Nkunda was being detained at first but the court there threw out his application on grounds it had no jurisdiction to hear the case. When he was moved to Kigali sometime later, and his wife allowed seeing him, the attorney sought out other avenues. Mr. Bourgon has also petitioned President Kagame. But like other senior government officials, Mr. Kagame described Nkunda as a guest of Rwanda. He told DRC counterpart Joseph Kabila that the two countries should look forward and not backwards. In recent months, General Nkunda's has lowered her tone compared to when she was all over the media claiming her husband had been kidnapped. For the attorney Mr. Bourgon, who tried the High Military Court, which declined to accept the application at first, the campaign is not about to end. The attorney says he is going to take advantages of this Supreme Court hearing. "We will do everything to ensure the attendance of a maximum number of international observers, whether from non governmental organizations interested in human rights issues and or States,” he said.

Nkunda loyalists in Congo army warn war (humanitarian situation in Kivu catastrophic), Daily Nation Kenya, Oct 25, 2009

Nkunda secret book unveiled. Kenya Daily Nation, Oct 19, 2009 (A political manifesto allegedly written by former Congolese warlord Laurent Nkunda just days before he was arrested by the Rwandan Government surfaced for the first time last week. In the manifesto, Gen Nkunda details his political and military ambitions, past relations with Rwanda, and his determination to rearrange national borders in the region....


VISION DU CNDP: RESTAURER LA DIGNITE DES CONGOLAIS ET DU CONGO, Par le Général-Major Laurent NKUNDA MIHIGO, Chairman (La cohésion nationale en danger). CNDP, Oct 10, 2009


Congo president Kabila on spot over mass misery (thousands civilians killed/raped/homes burned; Congo & UN armies refuse to fight killers), Daily Nation Kenya, Oct 14, 2009

Nkunda lawyers still not heard from Kagame (to discuss solution to this deadlock). CNDP, Oct 4, 2009

NKUNDA SEEKING KAGAME MEETING (illegally detained in Rwanda)

The Judicial Saga of Laurent Nkunda Continues in Rwanda. CNDP-Congo.org, Sep 26, 2009

New Motion Seeking the Release of Laurent Nkunda. CNDP-Congo.org, Sep 23, 2009


LAMENTING RWANDA CONGO GENOCIDES (even innocent smiles of babies doesn't soften their hearts)

CONGO ARMY NEEDS NKUNDA (training soldiers for the nation)



Kagame demands “peace” for General Nkunda, Rwanda News Agency, Jul 27, 2009
Kigali: President Kagame seemed to close the chapter on detained DRC rebel General Laurent Nkunda maintaining the previous position that the former warlord is left out of the “good relationship” with Congo - even after Nkunda petitioned last week, RNA reports. Responding to a Congolese female journalist, Mr. Kagame said “we need to give ourselves peace and give Nkunda peace”. “Way back he was a problem, now he is not”, Kagame said. “Let us treat Nkunda as a secondary issue as long as he not introduced again.” Last week, the general who has spent the last six months in secret detention petitioned President Kagame through his lawyer seeking immediate release. Mr. Kagame did not comment on this specifically, instead preferring to close put an end to the debate. Describing Congolese as “brothers and sisters”, Mr. Kagame said he wants the relationship with DRC to move “beyond and concentrate on tangible things that can be achieved in this good relationship”. “Nkunda is not a problem”, he said Monday at his monthly press conference, adding “it is just a small, tiny part”. He wants the two countries to cooperate on investment and cross-border cooperation. The formers foes are already jointly seeking to extract 200MW of electricity from methane gas in Lake Kivu.

CONGO CIVILIANS EASY PREY, BBC In Pictures, Jun 15, 2009 (...The UN says 800,000 people have been displaced since January 2009 [after Rwanda arrested Tutsi CNDP-leader General Nkunda] when the 5-week attack was launched by Congolese & Rwandan troops against Hutu FDLR [Rwandan genocidaires] who are accused over the 1994 genocide...)

Nkunda's last TV interview as a free man ("there's no life for Congolese; no economy/salary/security/administration/justice") & Rwanda looking for solution to Nkunda case (constitution forbids extradite to Congo) & Nkunda to face trial in Rwanda on Friday (first opportunity to see how he is since arrest). Go to KAGAME ABET KABILA GET NKUNDA & NKUNDA CONGO'S ONLY PROTECTOR & NKUNDA'S CONGO CREDENTIALS ("I'm a local chief in Bunagana; I'm a son of a local chief in Bunagana") & NKUNDA FIGHTING FOR PEACE (interview a year ago in April 2008) & WILL KAGAME SACRIFICE NKUNDA? (Nkunda emerged as political leader like Kagame fighting genocidal Hutus from Rwanda) & Oxfam: Congolese suffering (Kabila/UN troops not protecting people) & Congolese flee new Hutu attacks (perpetrated Rwanda genocide 15 yrs ago). VOA/Indep/News24/BBC, Apr 7-16, 2009. Go to NKUNDA CAN'T BE COURTED & NKUNDA SHOULD BE HERO & A TRIBUTE TO COMMANDANTE NKUNDA & FREE NKUNDA TO FIGHT FOR CONGO & HOW KAGAME BECAME RWANDA'S LEADER

Kagame can no longer play ostrich & hide (legally Rwanda must allow lawyer see Nkunda). CNDP, Mar 12, 2009

Rwanda court dismisses Nkunda case (wife & lawyer vow to continue battle). APA, Mar 11, 2009

Nkunda lawyer in Rwanda court today (gov't lawyers play cat & mouse game). VOA, Mar 11, 2009

Nkunda's wife seeks his release from Rwanda (held on no legal basis, in secret location, no access to family or lawyer). AFP, Mar 10, 2009

Kagame to decide Nkunda fate within 2 weeks (Rwanda still in dialogue with Congo). Daily Nation Kenya, Mar 10, 2009

Kabila's Congo Security Forces facing probe (killed 500 people & detained 1,000 more; many tortured during past 2 years). IWPR, Mar 6, 2009

NKUNDA HERO IN REBEL BOOK (a Tutsi herdsman turned soldier)

Nkunda off-radar since arrest in Rwanda (no one in world has seen or heard from). Jan 22 - Feb 22, 2009. Go to 20.Thought Police & 27.Goodthink (people who incurred displeasure of Party disappeared & never heard of again) & 36.Hate Week

Joseph Kabila has control over Congolese affairs (The Struggle Continues). CNDP, Feb 22, 2009
The only control that Joseph Kabila has shown since he won the elections bought for him by the international community, is to get rid of anyone who reminds him that one is elected to serve the people, not himself. Since 2006, the same community doesn’t stop telling us that Congo is now a democratic country. The very expensive leadership, too content to be found within the institutions purchased with Western taxpayers’ money has so far produced no results for the Congolese people. The zeal against those who courageously challenge this mediocrity seems to be the only activity in which Joseph Kabila and his faithful falcons are skilled for. We will never remind enough the way he got rid of the MLC Chairman. HRW, in a burst of common sense, but for its own interests, made a report detailing the hunt to opponents. The Kinshasa dictatorial system has reached its peak in the phlegm with which Joseph Kabila despises the Congolese people and behaves like a leopoldian colonialist. Here are some indicators of its colonialist tendencies. The use of ethnicity tactics to create the scapegoat on which he can guide the diversion of all Congolese and make them forget about his regime’s failure. General Nkunda was highly against the exploitation of this tactic. A fierce opponent because he understood that it was not only about the destiny of an ethnic group, but of all the Eastern DRC and the Republic in general. We have long said, Kabila’s racist game has multiple sides and is played in various phases. But they all have the same denominator: they are a diversion that plays on the Congolese imagination described by me several times on the blog. A diversion to prevent people from seeing the economic collapse, the military disaster, the lack of political vision focusing on Congolese’s dignity, the lack of diplomatic strategy at regional and global level, the shameful and outrageous greed in economic negotiations with China, the contempt of Congolese workers, the squandering of human and natural resources, the incredible educational irresponsibility and most recently, the opening of borders for an official foreign occupation, etc.... You understand then that accusing one man, be it Nkunda, is not enough to hide this lack of leadership....

Joseph Kabila used the ethnic tactic to have foreign army back in the DRC. By buying Bosco Ntaganda’s dissension within the CNDP, he created a new ethnicist line. You have the proof in the outcome of the talks led by Raymond Tshibanda in Goma this week....The Minister should not be proud of changing interlocutors as shirts. It is just like colonizers who bought local chiefs with small squares of mirror and this is again what Kabila did when he invited Kivu traditional leaders in Kinshasa. Instead of mirrors, there are U.S. dollars. Same operation, with different amounts for the trio-Munyampenda-Kamanzi-Ntaganda. I wonder if they remember the troops or if they are already acting as FARDC officers, starving the men in uniform....Kinshasa has actually pretended to be surprised by the absence of the CNDP members, those who were in Nairobi. One must be stupid! How to believe that the masquerade taking place in Goma could be a continuity of the work done in Nairobi? Maybe they realized they were not dealing with the real CNDP. However, Kinshasa is happy to deal with a team that does not question the leadership that ruins the DRC. Kamanzi’s team performs this function but for how long?....A minister of cooperation should know however that dealing with an illegitimate movement that lacks support can bring neither a solution nor peace. What underlines the loyalty of membership to CNDP Nkunda is the national character of its political claims, which of course includes the issue of minorities, but it does not constitute the substance of it. The essential of the CNDP’s vision can be summarized as follow: a political governance that stands out completely from the current corrupted system. As far as this system is in place, despite all the kitchen talks we can organize in Goma, the CNDP struggle remains not only complete, but more urgent than ever. It is a shame that in the 21st century, the DRC continues to survive by other countries’ diplomacy. The struggle continues and therefore the resistance.



Congo Hutu gunmen 'on rampage' (civilians used to be protected by Nkunda CNDP). BBC, Feb 19, 2009

Face to face with General Nkunda (talked politics, war, family life). Independent Uganda, Feb 18, 2009

The soldiers are hungry, CNDP, Feb 15, 2008 (Since the "mixage" of CNDP and FARDC troops that started on January 27, 2009, food for soldiers is lacking. Yesterday February 13, 2009, the troops in operation against the FDLR in North Kivu had spent three days without eating.... Starvíng the troops is normal and common in the FARDC while Senior Officers laze in 4X4 jeeps and use the most expensive wine ordered from western capital cities with money from misappropriated soldiers’ salaries....CNDP's soldiers are those suffering the most. They were used to eat twice a day, at fixed hours and can not understand that a soldier would spend a whole day without eating....Some sources told us that starving the troops is part of a deliberate manoeuvre - with the assistance of some dark forces - to discourage young motivated soldiers and for the sole purpose of breaking up troops that could constitute a basis for a real system of security and defense for the country. If such information is confirmed, we would then ask: who benefits from the absence of a strong army in the DR Congo?...)



With Nkunda in hand, Kigali can have its cake and eat it, by Charles Onyango-Obbo, Kenya East African, Feb 7, 2009
When, recently, Rwanda detained the Kivu-based rebel leader General Laurent Nkunda, nearly everyone else was caught by surprise — and confused. Nkunda, whose National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP) was making rapid advances in eastern Congo, was seen as Rwanda’s man. And, indeed, Rwanda had been the only country to acknowledge that Nkunda had a cause, although it consistently denied that it was arming his forces. However, in a move that caught the UN peacekeeping force Monuc by surprise, Rwandan troops entered Congo and, together with the Congolese army, they launched operations against remnants of the Interahamwe and ex-Rwanda Armed Forces (FAR) — which committed the 1994 genocide, and the CNDP. According to the official account, a cornered Nkunda tried to flee through Rwanda, where he was arrested. Now speculation is centring on whether Rwanda will hand Nkunda over to the Congolese authorities, on exactly where he is, and what caused Rwanda to turn on him. Nkunda is probably still in Gisenyi in northern Rwanda. He is definitely not in some prison, but is being watched.

Rwanda made common cause with Nkunda when his political agenda was limited largely to stopping the killings of the Banyamulenge — the Tutsi of Congo. Rwanda, therefore, is unlikely to hand Nkunda to Congo, because it would be seen as a political victory for the anti-Kigali forces in the DRC. Nkunda’s problems began when, flushed with military success, he became overly ambitious and threatened to march on Kinshasa. Rwanda preferred the focus to remain on eastern Congo, from where anti-Kigali dissidents had managed, as late as September 2008, to cross into Rwanda and launch attacks in the Busasamana area. Rwanda, it is now known, was also worried that the rebels, who had been rearmed by Kinshasa to help fight Nkunda, possibly had the ability to reoccupy their former positions along the Congo-Rwanda border. At the height of the latest round of fighting in eastern Congo, the Southern Africa Development Community, of which Congo is the newest member, voted to come to the country’s aid. That, according to sources, emboldened President Laurent Kabila to take a harder line on Nkunda and to up his criticism of Rwanda. In the end, however, SADC didn’t send troops to Kabila’s rescue. Eager to cut his losses, Kabila did a deal with Kigali on joint military action in the east of his country. One of the immediate results of the joint Rwanda-Congo action was to scatter the ex-FAR and Interahamwe. While Nkunda’s CNDP easily walked over demoralised and undisciplined Congolese troops, the ex-FAR and Interahamwe were more formidable opponents. With them in disarray, little else would have stopped Nkunda reaching the capital. Except, of course, the Rwandans. The price was not cheap. This writer has it on fairly good authority that beyond allowing joint military action with Rwanda, the Kabila government has also given Kigali a long-term role in some kind of “security buffer” in eastern DRC. Nkunda will probably be re-inserted in this security zone, where the Rwandese would continue to keep him on a short leash. It would also be a good deal for Nkunda, give Kabila peace of mind, and allow Kigali to have its cake and eat it.

Mystery deepens as Nkunda chapter is 'closed', by Josh Kron, East African, Feb 7, 2009
Calling “the chapter on Nkunda closed,” the last Rwandan public official communicating to the outside world about the excommunicated Congolese rebel under their custody said today it was going off the radar. After promising new information, the Rwandan military has instead fallen silent, this time they say for good, in regard to apprehension of General Laurent Nkunda, leader of the dominant rebel group, the National Congress for the People’s Defence (CNDP). This chapter may have closed, but this is a story still unfolding....All signs now point to a small and highly concentrated nexus of the country’s elite, most likely between the executive and military, deciding Nkunda’s fate, going beyond normal legal protocol and verging into the realm of the highly political. Nkunda resides in a legal limbo — in protective — if not disciplinary custody — of a country that spoke volumes to disassociate itself from the Tutsi rebel, only to see silence over his arrest all but confirm a relationship.”...Nkunda, the enemy of Rwanda’s enemy, is silently swept under the rug, and officials are forbidden to speak on the subject, in the hope that all will be forgotten.




NKUNDA LAST CONGO INTERVIEW (...Apparently there was a deal between DRC and Rwanda that no one in the Western media has reported. Sources say Rwanda assured Kabila that Rwanda was capable of destroying Nkunda. They tried to accomplish this by installing Ntaganda as head of the CNDP, but the plan fell apart when the CNDP army remained loyal to Nkunda. Sources say Ntaganda was given $250,000 and promise of amnesty from his indictment by The Hague for war crimes....)

Laurent Nkunda: The Other Side of the Story (video of January 3rd, 2009 interview), by Georgianne Nienabar


Nkunda, Kagame receive European Commissioner for Development & Humanitarian Aid, December 12, 2008, You Tube (silent video of EU Commissioner Louis Michel's flight to Goma to meet with president of Rwanda, Paul Kagame and helicopter flight to the bush to meet with Congolese rebel commander Laurent Nkunda)

Former Rwanda allies arrest Tutsi leader Nkunda, 22 January 2009. Al Jazeera, You Tube

CNDP rebels deny Nkunda was fleeing. Aljazeera, Jan 25, 2009
Laurent Nkunda, the Tutsi rebel leader arrested last week by the Rwandan authoritities, was not fleeing DR Congo, his rebel group has said. Bertrand Bisimwa, a spokesman from Nkunda's National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP), said the rebel leader had travelled to a Rwandan town for talks when he was arrested. "He went to Gisenyi to discuss action against the Democratic Force for the Liberation of Rwanda (Hutu rebels) and was arrested there," Bisimwa said on Sunday. Nkunda was arrested during a surprise joint operation by Rwandan and Congolese government troops who were ordered to flush out Rwandan Hutu FDLR rebels. He is currently in Rwanda awaiting extradition to DR Congo. The CNDP leader stands accused of war crimes committed in the Congolese town of Bukavu, the capital of Sud-Kivu province, which his forces briefly captured in June 2004. On Friday, Rwandan and Congolese forces engaged the FDLR (Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda), some of whom took refuge in eastern DR Congo after participating in Rwanda's 1994 genocide, killing nine fighters.The two armies released a statement on Saturday, confirming the deaths of the FDLR rebels during clashes. But the FDLR has denied that fighting took place with the joint force, saying that none of its fighters had been killed. Ignace Murwanashyaka, the FDLR chairman, told the AFP news agency: "This is all a lie. They killed none of our men for the simple reason that there has not been fighting between our troops and this coalition." "According to reports reaching me from the ground, the Kigali and Kinshasa armies fought with the Mai-Mai ... Nine Congolese soldiers were killed and one wounded in the clashes," Murwanashyaka said, referring to a Congolese rebel group.


Nkunda army dissolving without their leader (best organized/trained bush army in Africa). New York Times, Jan 24, 2009


Gorillas Dead
Nkunda's arrest puts gorillas in turmoil (he protected rangers who protected them) & Gorilla warfare (gorillas safer under Nkunda than Kabila). NatGeo/SMH, Jan 24, 2009. Go to KABILA-CHINA-GORILLAS-NKUNDA & WEIGHING IN ON SILVERBACK

Nkunda didn't flee, he was lured ("for consultations" by erstwhile ally Rwanda). Independent, Jan 23, 2009
T The renegade general Laurent Nkunda whose forces sparked an international crisis late last year in Eastern Congo was last night facing extradition to Congo and a possible war crimes trial. In a startling reversal of fortune, the feared Tutsi rebel commander was arrested in Rwanda by forces who until last week were thought to be his main allies in the region. He was detained after his Tutsi CNDP rebels resisted a joint offensive by Rwandan and Congolese forces on Thursday night and the general allegedly fled across the border. His arrest was confirmed yesterday by UN officials, and through a statement by the Congolese and Rwandan armies. Gen. Nkunda has suddenly found himself on the wrong side of a fundamental shift in the relations between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. The long-time enemies struck a deal last week – the precise terms of which are unknown even to the UN – which cleared the way for 4,000 Rwandan troops to enter the DRC. Their stated aim was to hunt down the remnants of the Hutu genocidaire, thought to number 6,000 fighters. But their troops have moved instead against Gen. Nkunda's fellow Tutsis, the CNDP....The turnaround has taken Nkunda loyalists by complete surprise and officials at CNDP headquarters in Eastern Congo, contacted by satellite phone, initially denied he had been captured. “The media is making this up,” said CNDP spokesman Capt. Ngenzi. “The general has not been captured.” Within hours the general's senior aide, Bertrand Bisimwa confirmed the general had been arrested....International pressure on Rwanda – whom the UN has accused of backing Gen. Nkunda with weapons and money – appears to have pushed Kigali into changing course. The impoverished mountain nation is dependent on international aid, with the UK its largest single donor....The development marks a particular betrayal for Gen. Nkunda himself. A Congolese Tutsi from Rutshuru he fled to Uganda in 1990s where he joined the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front which in 1994 invaded Rwanda to end the genocide there. He continued to serve in a Rwandan-backed militia during the 1998-2003 Congo war, afterwards taking a post with the Congolese national army. A year later he quit the army to launch the CNDP rebellion, claiming that Tutsis needed protection from Hutu remnants now calling themselves the FDLR....A tall, thin man who is never seen without a black cane topped with a silver eagle, the general was reportedly left with only three loyal battalions when he was captured in Rwanda after losing support in the CNDP. However, loyalists claim that he had not fled across the border but had instead been lured “for consultations” with his erstwhile allies and fellow Tutsis. The two countries have no extradition treaty but analysts predicted that a US drafted agreement would quickly be concluded to facilitate a handover of the general.

Congo war enters new phase without Nkunda (demanded Kabila cancel China contracts that are unfair to Congo people). Monsters & Critics, Jan 23, 3009

Rwanda joined Congo against Nkunda (after UN report & donors cut aid). NPR, Jan 23, 2009

Laurent Nkunda's spectacular fall (loyal & capable military leader protecting Congo from Rwandan Hutus). BBC, Jan 23, 2009

Rwanda arrests Congo rebel leader Nkunda (impediment to Rwanda's plans in region). BBC, Jan 23, 2009

Rwandan, Congolese troops heading for Nkunda stronghold. AFP, Jan 22, 2009
Rutshuru, DR Congo — A battalion of Rwandan army foot soldiers, followed by Congolese troops, were on the road to Bunangana, about 30 kilometres (20 miles) east of central Rutshuru, on the border with Uganda. The Rwandan troops were equipped with rifles and rocket-launchers, and carrying the Rwandan flag. Congolese army T-55 tanks are already in Rutshuru, headquarters of Nkunda, the nominal leader of the National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP), western military sources told AFP on Wednesday. Rwandan forces crossed the border into eastern DR Congo on Tuesday, on what was announced as a joint operation with Congolese forces against the Rwandan Hutu rebels of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR). On Wednesday, the Rwandan-Congolese force travelled unhindered through Rumangabo and Kiwanja north of Goma, the capital of Nord-Kivu region. Although this territory has been held since late October by the CNDP, the rebel force allowed the Congolese forces, their former adversaries, through their lines to pursue the FDLR.

The CNDP's main commanders, including chief of staff General Bosco Ntaganda, recently split from Nkunda and on Friday announced they were making common cause with the Rwandan-Congolese force pursuing the FDLR. Both countries want to finish off the FDLR, who took refuge here after Rwanda's 1994 genocide, the slaughter of 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus, in which some of their number participated. The FDLR are thought to have around 6,000 fighters in the region.

But this latest development suggests that the operation might also target Nkunda's forces in the Rutshuru region. According to MONUC, the UN Mission in DR Congo, up to 4,000 Rwandan soldiers have entered the east of the country. MONUC spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Jean-Paul Dietrich told AFP on Wednesday that about half had headed west to the FDLR strongholds of Masisi and Mushaki, about 100 kilometres (60 miles) east of Goma. No fighting has so far been reported, but the head of the FDLR, Ignace Murwanashyaka, warned the rebels would defend themselves if attacked. The Congolese army on Wednesday urged the FDLR and other armed groups in eastern Congo to surrender.

Kabila decides to embrace Rwanda. AFP, Jan 22, 2009
Kinshasa, DR Congo - President Joseph Kabila's decision to allow Rwandan troops into eastern DR Congo for a joint military operation to rid the region of armed militias has sparked anger and apprehension across the country....The joint operation is ostensibly to eradicate a Rwandan Hutu militia that have been at the heart of regional unrest for over a decade, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR). It is the second time in months that Kabila, whose army proved powerless in the face of a [Nkunda CNDP] rebel assault in eastern Congo in October, has resorted to neighbouring states to oust armed groups sheltering in the region....

In exchange for its cooperation in the mission to eradicate the FDLR, Kinshasa has won Kigali's support for the dismantling of the National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP) movement led by renegade general Laurent Nkunda, a Tutsi close to the Rwandan regime. "The speed of the turnaround in alliances is very impressive," the diplomat said. A United Nations source said Kabila's main objective was "the removal of Nkunda and re-taking his headquarters" near Rutshuru.

The source said that once the military operation is terminated, the government could create a new administrative entity for ethnic Rwandans, both Hutu and Tutsi, living in Congo. The resulting buffer zone would give Kigali an unprecedented degree of security on its western border, as well as boost the mineral and crop-rich province. The UN source agreed Kabila was taking a big risk. "He needs the head of Laurent Nkunda to appease public opinion, and a Congolese flag flying in Rutshuru instead of the CNDP one."

Kagame on Nkunda and the Congo
by Shyaka Kanuma, Focus Media, Jan 20, 2009
(excerpt from interview with President Paul Kagame in Kigali, Rwanda)

SK: ...Kagame also has strong views about the views most espoused in the West on the conflict in the neighboring DR Congo.

Kagame: "Now Rwanda is being accused of assisting Laurent Nkunda (leader of the CNDP rebel group); now they are saying Nkunda is a Tutsi and so Kagame must be helping him, as if that is the entire logic of it!"

SK: Of all the subjects that exercise Kagame's capability to keep his emotions in check, the subject of the Congo without a doubt tops the list. The president will talk vehemently about it and his voice will tend to rise as he discusses the reasons, the vicissitudes, the historical factors and the human drama that always cause wars in the country.

Kagame: "Does it make Nkunda any less a Congolese because he is a Tutsi?" Kagame asks tightly clasping his hands together and staring at a point in front of him. "And in what way does it become our responsibility if the Congolese government cannot protect its people and you have a situation where groups who committed genocide here are busy committing atrocities over there, which makes Nkunda and others like him take up arms to defend themselves? In what way does that make Nkunda our responsibility?" Kagame repeats.

SK: The fact that Tutsis in Rwanda suffered genocide makes it look logical that Kigali indeed backs Nkunda and his fellow Congolese Tutsis. Nkunda and his forces assert daily that their people have increasingly become victims of massacres and other human rights abuses at the hands of the FDLR - the umbrella group of Interahamwe Hutu extremist militias and the former Rwanda armed forces (FAR) who fled to the DRC after massacring up to a million people in 1994. Congolese Tutsi refugees who have fled their country and now live in refugee camps in Rwanda say they have been targeted by Hutu extremist for no offence other than that they are Tutsis. But Kigali repeatedly denies being in any way involved in the current spate of conflicts in the Congo, maintaining that Nkunda is an internal Congolese problem that Congo should be "making a better effort to resolve."

Kagame: "By the way it always amazes me when all these international groups accuse us of causing trouble in the Congo but never come up with a single analysis of what happens when you have a government that isn't up to the responsibilities of ensuring law and order, and personal safety for its people," says President Kagame. He gestures around the room and continues: "you have all these people (local and international diplomats and statesmen and women) coming here and telling me to rein in Nkunda, as if I can do any such thing! Now, if I may ask, in that case who will rein in (Congolese President Joseph) Kabila, since the problem really is one to do with his government? I am waiting for someone to see issues that way but in vain."...

INTERVIEW NKUNDA ("We have to liberate Congo....Congo has to be free and develop"). BBC, Nov 10, 2008

Nkunda would fight African peacekeepers if they were sent to Congo to back government troops. Guardian, Nov 10, 2009
The Tutsi rebel leader, Laurent Nkunda, today warned he would fight African peacekeepers if they were sent to back government troops in fighting in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. A regional summit of African leaders said yesterday they would "not stand by" and watch the violence which has displaced about 250,000 people and led to UN accusations of war crimes over the systematic killing of civilians. Countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), including South Africa, Zimbabwe and Angola, agreed to send in "peacemaking forces" to the region of North Kivu "if and when necessary". Nkunda, whose rebel forces sparked the current violence, said his troops would fight peacekeepers if they were deployed alongside Congolese government soldiers. "If SADC engages like this, they will have made a mistake. I am ready to fight them," Nkunda told Reuters by telephone....The scale of Angolan military support for Congo is not clear but it appears to have emboldened the government's army. However, it carries the risk of widening the conflict. Angolan forces played a crucial role in stopping the advance of the second Rwandan invasion of Congo, in 1998. Rwanda denies that it continues to support Nkunda after backing him immediately after its invasion. But it may not stand by if the Angolan military swings the conflict against Nkunda while Hutu extremist rebels, comprising members of the forces that led the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, continue to operate unhindered from Congo.










28.Reality Control

Jackie Jura
~ an independent researcher monitoring local, national and international events ~

email: orwelltoday@gmail.com
website: www.orwelltoday.com