The economy of many countries was allowed to stagnate,
land went out of cultivation, capital equipment was not added to,
great blocks of the population were prevented from working
and were kept half alive by State charity.

9. Keeping Masses Down

As early as the beginning of the twentieth century, human equality had become technically possible. It was still true that men were not equal in their native talents and that functions had to be specialized in ways that favoured some individuals against others; but there was no longer any real need for class distinctions or for large differences of wealth. With the development of machine production - even if it was still necessary for human beings to do different kinds of work - it was no longer necessary for them to live at different social or economic levels.

But it was also clear that an all-round increase in wealth threatened the destruction - indeed, in some sense was the destruction - of a hierarchical society. In a world in which everyone worked short hours, had enough to eat, lived in a house with a bathroom and a refrigerator, and possessed a motor-car or even an aeroplane, the most obvious and perhaps the most important form of inequality would already have disappeared. If it once became general wealth would confer no distinction. It was possible, no doubt, to imagine a society in which wealth, in the sense of personal possessions and luxuries, should be evenly distributed, while power remained in the hands of a small privileged caste. But in practice such a society could not long remain stable. For if leisure and security were enjoyed by all alike, the great mass of human beings who are normally stupefied by poverty would become literate and would learn to think for themselves; and when once they had done this, they would sooner or later realize that the privileged minority had no function, and they would sweep it away. In the long run, a hierarchical society was only possible on a basis of poverty and ignorance.

It had long been realized that the only secure basis for oligarchy is collectivism.

Wealth and privilege are most easily defended when they are possessed jointly. The so-called 'abolition of private property' put the concentration of property in far fewer hands than before: but with this difference, the new owners were a group instead of a mass of individuals. Individually, no member of the Party owns anything, except petty personal belongings. Collectively, the Party owns everything in Oceania, because it controls everything, and disposes of the products as it thinks fit. In the years following the Revolution it was able to step into this commanding position almost unopposed, because the whole process was represented as an act of collectivization. It had always been assumed that if the capitalist class were expropriated, Socialism must follow: and unquestionably, the capitalists had been expropriated. Factories, mines, land, houses, transport - everything had been taken away from them: and since these things were no longer private property, it followed that they must be public property. Ingsoc, which grew out of the earlier Socialist movement and inherited its phraseology, has in fact carried out the main item in the Socialist programme; with the result, foreseen and intended beforehand, that economic inequality has been made permanent.

Nor could the hierarchy be maintained by keeping the masses in poverty by restricting the output of goods. This was tried to a great extent during the final phase of capitalism, roughly between 1920 and 1940. The economy of many countries was allowed to stagnate, land went out of cultivation, capital equipment was not added to, great blocks of the population were prevented from working and were kept half alive by State charity. But this, too, entailed military weakness, and since the privations it inflicted were obviously unnecessary, it made opposition inevitable.

But the problems of perpetuating a hierarchical society go deeper than this. There are only four ways in which a ruling group can fall from power. Either it is conquered from without, or it governs so inefficiently that the masses are stirred to revolt, or it allows a strong and discontented Middle group to come into being, or it loses its own self-confidence and willingness to govern. These causes do not operate singly, and as a rule all four of them are present in some degree. A ruling class which could guard against all of them would remain in power permanently. Ultimately the determining factor is the mental attitude of the ruling class itself.

Physical rebellion, or any preliminary move towards rebellion, is at present not possible. From the proletarians nothing is to be feared. Left to themselves, they will continue from generation to generation and from century to century, working, breeding, and dying, not only without any impulse to rebel, but without the power of grasping the world could be other than it is. They could only become dangerous if the advance of industrial technique made it necessary to educate them more highly; but since military and commercial rivalry are no longer important, the level of popular education is actually declining. What opinions the masses hold, or do not hold, is looked on as a matter of indifference. They can be granted intellectual liberty because they have no intellect.

From the point of view of our present rulers, therefore, the only genuine dangers are the splitting-off of a new group of able, under-employed, power-hungry people, and the growth of liberalism and scepticism in their own ranks. The problem, that is to say; is educational. It is a problem of continuously moulding the consciousness both of the directing group and the larger executive group that lies immediately below it. The consciousness of the masses needs only to be influenced in a negative way.

Canada's pulp/paper/sawmills falling silent (hundreds closing, thousands lose jobs; raw logs being shipped to China) & Transforming land of Canada's failed mills (into houses, golf courses, hotels, casinos). National Post, May 12, 2008

Canada paper mills closing down (investing in Russia instead). GlobeMail, Dec 27, 2007. Go to RICH RUSSIANS LIKE LENIN

Canada housing affordibility takes hit (payment costs 50% of income) & Canada's changing family (same-sex-marriage, childless couples, common-law, single parent, poverty). CBC, Sep 12, 2007

China toys from Santa's Sweatshop (work 12-hour days, 7 days a week in unsafe, toxic environments living in wretched dormitories). ColumbiaTrib, Jan 30, 2007. Go to CHINA IS SANTA'S SWEATSHOP

Severe hunger looms for Zimbabwe (world's lowest life expectancy & highest inflation rate). BBC, Jan 26, 2007

CANADA GATE FOR CHINA (launching pad of Pacific century) & BC wants more money going for China (has already given $6-billion to improve transportation) & Canada gives $591-M to China gateway (railways built for Chinamen). Cancom/VanSun, Oct 17, 2006

China hunts the big game in Africa (its new Silk Road to plunder) & Africans lash out at Chinese employers (mines the worst in world). Aljazeera/LATimes, Oct 17, 2006 & AFRICA SILK ROAD TO CHINA & AFRICANS LASH OUT AT CHINA

Ford announces deep production cuts (21% reduction, closing 14 plants, shedding 25,000-30,000 jobs, losing out to Asian competition). ABC News, Aug 20, 2006. Go to FORD-LINDBERGH-ORWELL-HITLER

Big Brother on the Animal Farm (tag & track all USA livestock; "even fish in backyard pond"). Vermont Courier, Apr 19, 2006. Go to MAD COW TERROR

Farms of fear in South Africa (2,000 white farmers & Afrikaans murdered by racism & envy since 1994 apartheid). Sunday Times, Apr 2, 2006

Zimbabwe mothers throwing away babies (Mugabe using starvation as weapon to sustain himself in power). Sunday Times, Apr 2, 2006


Zimbabwe's poor wretched women (poor Zimbabwe). Economist, Mar 16, 2006
Most sanitary products have to be imported and are now inaccessible to many women. Unemployment stands at 75%; most women lucky enough to have a job make about $20 a month. About 30 tonnes of tampons and sanitary pads have recently been trucked from neighbouring South Africa. Nearly 5m women are thought to be using old newspapers, rags or even tree fibre as alternatives, often leading to infections. “We are sitting on a health time-bomb,” says Thabitha Khumalo of the Women's Advisory Council, a local support group...

LINCOLN, KENNEDY & MONEY (reader says international bankers played a role in the presidents' deaths)

White males need not apply (minorities-women-aboriginals-disabled only ones hired for Public Works) & Excluding white males rescinded (gov't racist & discriminatory). NationalPost/OttawaSun, Nov 23, 2005. Go to BASHING WHAMS & TARGETING WHAMS

"Nationalize oil & gas" say Canadians (& cut taxes & fix pump price). CBC, Sep 6, 2005. Go to CANADA'S HUSKY BARKING CHINESE & CHINA'S FOOT IN TARSANDS' DOOR & CHINADA'S SOVIETIZATION & USA GAVE CHINA PANAMA CANAL

Stores force farmers to dump food (shop with eyes not mouth). Times, Jul 17, 2005. Go to TAKE NOT OUR DAILY BREAD

Maytag selling to Communist China ("not an invasion of the USA but an escape from China"). DesMoinesRegister, Jun 23, 2005 & Iowa Ghost Town if Maytag sold (private-equity firms gobbling up old-line USA companies & shipping jobs overseas). WallStreetJournal, Jun 23, 2005. Go to MAYTAG LONELY CHINAMAN NOW

"Mugabe hates his own people" ("crawling mass of maggots" say police; priests told "don't aid filth"). Times, Jun 19, 2005. Go to ZIMBABWE GOING RED CHINESE & RWANDA'S GOOD MAN KIGAME

Rain pits town against farmers (damming water over farmers fields). Canada Press, Jun 11, 2005 & Australia drought a food crisis (no rain for planting crops). Financial Times, Jun 11, 2005 & Spain drought killing crops (asking EU for wheat handouts). Times, Jun 11, 2005. Go to FOOD COMES FROM FARMERS

Zimbabwe police arrest 9,000 traders (violently removing Zimbabweans to make way for the Chinese). Guardian, May 26, 2005 & Zimbabwe's new colonialists (Mugage has "yellow fever"). Weekly Standard, May 26, 2005. Go to ZIMBABWE GOING RED CHINESE

Tsunami victims losing land to developers (disaster a chance to clear people from the land which has been earmarked for "big project"). Telegraph, Mar 25, 2005

USA okays IBM sale to China (in spite of industrial espionage & secrets passing to Chinese military). Guardian, Mar 10, 2005 & China textiles flood USA market (American manufacturing plants closing; thousands of jobs being lost). NewYorkTimes, Mar 10, 2005. Go to IBM = I-BE-MANDARIN & CHINA CLOTHES STRIP AMERICANS

Coal shortage chills Pennsylvania homes (gov't closing down anthracite mines). Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Feb 28, 2005. Go to PENNSYLVANIA IS WIGAN PIER & COAL SCRAMBLING IN WIGAN

Britain hopes Red China buys Rover (when President Hu Jintao visited Paris the Eiffel Tower was bathed in red light & dragons paraded along Champs Elysées). The Times, Feb 23, 2005. Go to CHINA'S SLAVE WORKERS

USA watches China woo Carribean (Beijing's growing economic clout is tipping scales in Western Hemisphere). ABC News, Feb 23, 2005. Go to USA APPLAUDS CHINA TAKE CARRIBEAN

Reader invigorates discussion on: EURO ENGLISH MAYHEM which reminds Jackie Jura of: ORWELL RESISTS NU SPELING & ORWELL ON METRIC CONVERSION. Feb 21, 2005


Canadian steel union likes Russian bid (4,000 Stelco workers back USSR Severstal buying record-breaking profit maker). National Post, Feb 15, 2005. Go to SELLING ROPE TO HANG US

Norway's wolf hunt decried globally (wolf preservation now Sweden's responsibility). Washington Times, Feb 1, 2005. Go to WORLD WILDLIFE WOLF'S FRIEND

LNG plant more likely in Canada (communities more receptive than USA; people taught to 'see & learn' before 'misconceptions' are formed). National Post, Jan 30, 2005. Go to CANADA/USSR DEAL IN LNG

Canada to cull 1.76 million cows (human food supply isn't at risk, officials say slaughter an overreaction). CBC, Jan 13, 2005 & USA farmers don't want Canada beef (even though it's proven safe). CTV, Jan 13, 2005. Go to WHERE'S THE BEEF GONNA GO?

Indians rally to support Supreme Court ruling (want gov't to abide by decision to consult them over resources). Vancouver Sun, Nov 26, 2004. Go to 10.Rulers & CANADA GOING TO THE INDIANS

4 million people flee Zimbabwe's regime looking for work in South Africa. Globe & Mail, Nov 6, 2004

Petrocan CEO meets USSR oil exec (investing in USSR Liquified Natural Gas) & China feeds on Canada's resources (very hungry dragon demands copper-nickel-oil-gas-lumber etc). Globe & Mail, Sep 26, 2004. Go to CHINADA'S SOVIETIZATION

Army selling Afghanistan's water (run by Cancap, a subsidiary of Montreal-based SNC Lavalin to produce 9,000 litres/day). CBC, Jul 27, 2004. Go to CANADA SELLING AFGHANS' WATER & THE WATER BARONS

WINDMILLS ARE GREEN STALINISM (hundreds of miles of ancient countryside & shoreline will be disfigured). Telegraph, Jul 24, 2004

Hog farmers should pay neighbours (odor from Progressive Swine Technologies 'a suffocating stench-overwhelming-unbearable'). LincolnJournal, Jun 17, 2004. Go to 9.Keeping Masses Down & FACTORY FARMS

JFK'S RIGHT TO WORK SPEECH (about need for $11-billion tax cut) and JFK & IMF & EURO SCREWING DOLLAR (dollar in 8-wk low against euro). Reuters, May 29, 2004

GULLIVER DESCRIBES GM AGRICULTURE (extracting sun-beams out of cucumbers; condensing air into tangible substance). Apr 24, 2004. Go to 15.Life in Oceania

ENGINEERED FAMINE IN ZIMBABWE (never food shortages in 120-years & plight not reaching media). Telegraph, Apr 18, 2004. Go to TAKE NOT OUR DAILY BREAD & FOOD CONTROL & 16.Minitrue & SOVIET UNION FAMINE EXPOSURE

19-million birds to be slaughtered (of healthy chickens, turkeys & ducks to destroy Canada's poultry industry). CBC, Apr 5, 2004. Go to HEALTH CRUSADERS: ACT IV & TAKE NOT OUR DAILY BREAD

DEAD IN THE WATER (documentary on water privatization; gov't selling people down river). CBC, Apr 4, 2004

RUSSIA 1917 TO 1939

Wolves answer call of the wild (Yellowstone Park has 300 wolves; killed 9,000 elk & surrounding cattle). Scotsman, Feb 20, 2004. Go to ENVIRONMENTALISM IS ANIMALISM & LENIN BEHIND ENVIRONMENTALISM & WILDLANDS PROJECT REAL DANGER

MONEY SLAVES (a reader says that's what we are). Feb 13, 2004. Go to 11.Ministry of Plenty (Starvation) CASHLESS SOCIETY

PUBLIC PRIVATE LAND GRABS (US/UK pay Big Business to seize land-water-utilities-mines-schools-health-services). Guardian, Jan 6, 2004. Go to BURMESE DAYS & RUSSIAN SEIZURE OF LAND & Zimbabwe's cattle on verge of extinction (whole gene pool being wiped out). Scotsman, Jan 6, 2004

Hunger & homelessnes increase in USA (unemployment, low paying jobs, & high costs for housing, energy & utilities). AP, Dec 18, 2003

IBM moving software jobs to India, China (workers must train overseas replacements). Seattle Post, Dec 15, 2003. Go to 6.Super-States & 7.Systems of Thought & CHINESE TAKE-OVER

Cheap Chinese goods pricey (costing USA economy & Taiwan freedom). NewYorkDaily, Dec 14, 2003. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER & CHICOM HATES FREE TAIWAN

China makes 80% of America's toys (workers get 24 cents an hour; unlike 9 dollars an hour in USA). NewYorkTimes, Dec 7, 2003. Go to 11.Ministry of Plenty

UK's depleted rivers at water level crisis (new Water Act allows people & companies to sell their unused share). Independent, Nov 30, 2003. Go to WEATHER CONTROL & WATER BARONS & KYOTO'S WATER WIZARDS

World getting hungrier every year (droughts, disasters & export/import making banana republics of all). Independent, Nov 26, 2003. Go to 5.Pyramidal New World Order & FOOD & WEATHER CONTROL

Czech teenagers are human torches (protesting money & power depravity & war, unemployment, poverty). Scotsman, Nov 9, 2003. Go to 9.Systems of Thought & GOOD KING WENCESLAS PLEASE LOOK OUT

African locust plague planned (could damage 1/10th world population). BBC, Oct 22, 2003

UK farmers fear harvest catastrophe (farmland a dustbowl for man & animal). Telegraph, Oct 21, 2003. Go to FOOD CONTROL & WEATHER CONTROL

Millions of crickets wreak havoc (wiping out crops in 5 USA states). Scotsman, Jun 30, 2003. Go to TEN BIBLICAL PLAGUES & BI0-CHEM WARFARE

More pigs than people (feces/urine contaminates air/water/ground with germs-bacteria-viruses-worm parasites). CBS, Jun 23, 2003. Go to FEEDLOTS INSTEAD OF FARMS

Doing Well by slave labour (survivors of the Killing Fields do data entry for Holocaust survivors). MIT Tech, Jun 21, 2003

Computer jobs move to China (India-Vietnam-Commie Europe etc to profit from slave labour). Register, Jun 6, 2003. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER

Brazil citizens target Monsanto (demand gov't 'take back land'). BBC, Jun 3, 2003. Go to ANTI-NATURE IS ANTI-GOD

China's 3-Valley-Gorge dam (result environmental catastrophe & water will be poison). Independent, May 31, 2003

Iraq's water system destroyed (& Iraqis not allowed to fix). Guradian, May 31, 2003. Go to 11.Ministry of Plenty (Starvation) & KYOTO'S WATER WIZARDS

Mugabe ratches up the terror (he'll be confronted head-on). TorontoStar, May 25, 2003. Go to 23.The Proles

MONSTER VACCINE NEEDED (for Monsters Under the Bed). Red Deer, May 23, 2003

Mad Cow case in Canada (USA immediately bans imports which total $2.5-billion/yr)., May 20, 2003. Go to BIG BROTHER FOOD CONTROL & JAMES BOND FOOT & MOUTH

Motorists burned in 55-yr deal (classic case of highway robbery). Vancouver Prov, May 8, 2003 & Huge increase for UK drivers (private operator exploiting 50-yr no-limits contract). Telegraph, May 8, 2003

BC creates Dream Home China (9-million cubic metres by 2010 driven by USA 27.2% duty)., Apr 17, 2003. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER

Zimbabwe torturers on the run (Youth Service camps train teens to beat, rape & kill for gov't). BBC, Apr 17, 2003. Go to 20.Thought Police & Snitches

Wal-Mart king of mountain ($60-billion ahead of GM). SanFranGate, Mar 31, 2003. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER & RED CHINESE CAPITALISTS

Yukon gold town grinds to halt (against Feds new mining rules). National Post, Mar 13, 2003. Go to ENVIRONMENTALISM IS ANIMALISM

War will cost 70,000 airline jobs (on top of 100,000 since 9-11). Reuters, Mar 11, 2003

Young, Jobless, Hopeless (for 5.5-million 16-24 yr-olds). NY Times, Feb 9, 2003

Jobless find little hope (employment outlook bleak in much of USA). Yahoo!AP, Jan 30, 2003. Go to Ministry of Plenty (Starvation)

Wal-Mart 25% of USA productivity (future will include fewer companies & stifled product innovations). USA Today, Jan 30, 2003

World jobless hits record high (180-million & rising in Americas-Europe-Africa-Middle East). BBC, Jan 24, 2003. Go to 11.Ministry of Plenty

Death to the superstore (high price to pay for cheap food). London Times, Jan 14, 2003. Go to 15.Life In Oceania

CAN/USA/MEX borders s/b dismantled (& made into "internal checkpoints" say CEOs of largest corporations). National Post, Jan 13, 2003. Go to 6.Super-States

Water being privatized world-wide (gov'ts selling the river). National Post, Jan 9, 2003. Go to WATER CONTROL

Canada losing industries to China (lumber, wheat, cars, steel etc prefer low-wage communist system). Waterloo Record, Jan 2, 2003. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER

USA jobs fading away fast (going to China & Mexico). USA Today, Dec 14, 2002. Go to CHINESE TAKE-OVER

Elk farmers sue over Mad Cow (disease has wiped them out). CBC, Nov 30, 2002. Go to FOOT & MOUTH IN 007

Starvation to those defying Mugabe (agricultural production has collapsed). London Times, Nov 24, 2002

Child hunger deaths shock Argentina (still exports meat-wheat-corn-soya). Guardian, Nov 24, 2002


Giant hog farms in Canada (animal waste polluting waterways). CBC News, Nov 10, 2002. Go to FACTORY FARMING COVER-UP

Defiant farmers go to jail (to defend basic freedoms). Globe & Mail, Nov 1, 2002. Go to WORLD FOOD BANK

"Home Depot" killing "home" (they buy communist lumber). Vancouver Sun, Oct 29, 2002

Tariffs help mass-producers (other mills go under). Financial Post, Oct 28, 2002

Canada inprisons farmers (for selling own grain). National Post, Oct 24, 2002. Go to FOOD CONTROL

Americans buy Communist apples (for less than cost to produce). CSMonitor, Oct 23, 2002. Go to COMMUNIST CAPITALISTS

Communist China invading Mexico (wages $2/day instead of $20). Vancouver Sun, Oct 20, 2002

Goodyear moving to Mexico (pay less per day than hour). Omaha Herald, Oct 20, 2002

Feedlot owner terrorizes mayor (caught redhanded -still goes free). National Post, Sep 26, 2002. Go to FEEDLOTS INSTEAD OF FARMS

Indians claim California desert (major blow to state's economy). Fox News, Sep 21, 2002. Go to 10.The Rulers & INDIAN LAND CLAIMS

Mining future in BC on-the-line (policy keeping environment pristine - 1% to economic activity & jobs). National Post, Sep 20, 2002. Go to ENVIRONMENTALISM is COMMUNISM

Consumers blamed for climate change (must cut energy use by 30%). National Post, Sep 18, 2002. Go to WEATHER CONTROL

"Canadian farmers are peasants" (Wheat Board is a secret monopoly). National Post, Sep 9, 2002. Go to WORLD FOOD BANK

15 new parks for Canada (more for fish, owls & Indians). National Post, Sep 3, 2002. Go to ANIMALISM

Picture Canada after Kyoto (no planes, trains or automobiles). Calgary Sun, Sep 1, 2002. Go to ENVIRONMENTALISIM = COMMUNISM

"Sending hay makes no economic sense" (tell that to a starving cow). Edmonton Journal, Aug 21, 2002. Go to FEEDLOTS INSTEAD OF FARMS

Blacks starve on looted land (need white farmers to grow food). Zim Today News, Aug 13, 2002

Gov't funds food giants (working against family farms). Go to YOU CAN'T EAT MONEY and KEEP 'EM TRAINS A ROLLING

Horses will starve to death (while gov't stands by doing nothing). Edmonton Journal, Aug 7, 2002. Go to HORSE DEATH IN ANIMAL FARM

Gov't won't help deliver hay (fumigation and welfare is all they'll do). Edmonton Journal, Aug 7, 2002. Go to YOU CAN'T EAT MONEY

Grain yields down 50% (communities dying with farmers & cattle). Financial Post, Aug 6, 2002

Hay for only 50 of 3,600 farms (have to win lottery to receive). Edmonton Journal, Aug 6, 2002

FACTORY FARMS USE STEALTH & SECRECY (paying politicians to cover-up)., Aug 4, 2002. Go to YOU CAN'T EAT MONEY

Western ranchers need help feeding cattle(Canadian gov't needs to step in). Globe & Mail, Aug 4, 2002. Go to YOU CAN'T EAT MONEY

Healthy water buffalo taken to slaughter (to examine their dead brains). National Post, Jul 29, 2002. Go to PREVENTIVE KILLING

African dictators destroying breadbasket (Marxism in action). WorldNetDaily, Jul 28, 2002

Big helping of hay to go west (with no help from government). Ottawa Citizen, July 25, 2002. Go to YOU CAN'T EAT MONEY

Massive drought chokes USA (crops, cattle & farmers disappearing)., Jul 23, 2002. Go to WEATHER CONTROL

RFK-JR slams big agribusiness (for polluting environment, destroying economy). The Press Democrat, June 9, 2002

"State of Disaster": Zimbabwe (African version of Stalin's policies). National Review, May 27, 2002

Small farmers losing fight for survival ("Society better come to grips"). Toronto Star, May 16, 2002

RFK-JR blasts huge hog operations (leading to economic/environmental catastrophe). Lincoln Journal, Apr 19, 2002. Go to 9.Ministry of Plenty

Pigs may soon outnumber people in Canada. National Post, Mar 27, 2002
Industrial-scale hog barns each hold several thousand hogs - causing water pollution and the stench of germ-laden fumes from multi-million-gallon manure tanks)

Robert F Kennedy, Jr clashes with Alberta government over factory farms legislation (says Alberta has created "one-stop shopping for polluters.") National Post, Mar 19, 02

COWS - AN UPDATED VERSION (compares political systems). Feb 7, 2002

Mugabe has got away with murder too long. Daily Telegraph, Jan 29, 2002

4,000 Zimbabwe farmers to be evicted (22 million acres will fall out of production). London Times, Nov 13, 2001

USA unemployment rockets (and it's going to get worse). BBC, Nov 2, 2001

Lumber duties could idle 30,000 in BC (200 BC communities totally forestry-dependent). Vancouver Province, Nov 1, 2001. Go to 9.MiniPlenty

Municipalities may lose right to block factory farms. Toronto Star, Sep 6, 2001

WCB smoking ban violates rights. Financial Post, Aug 22, 2001

Britain's 'nightmare' rages on. Globe and Mail, July 28, 2001

Farmers to be 'keepers of countryside'. Electronic Telegraph, April 28, 2001

Water will be shut off to farmers to keep fish alive. Tampa Bay Online, April 7, 2001

How subsidies ploughed the family farm under. Financial Post, March 22, 2001

Farmers will face guns to stop slaughter of healthy stock. Sydney Morning Herald, March 19, 2001

Jackie Jura
~ an independent researcher monitoring local, national and international events ~